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Education & Children

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In 2011, the literacy rate of Assam was estimated to be 73.18% (78.81% male and 67.27% female).The literacy rate of Assam is slightly below the national average of 74.04%. Although Higher Education has gradually expanded in Assam since independence, issues involving access, equity and quality still continue to present challenges that need to be addressed in the backward, poorest and isolated pockets of the region of the state. Problem of infrastructures, inequality in education, neglect in traditional fields of knowledge, geographic isolation and the remote landscape in many areas are indirectly affecting the school going children. It is observed that the female literacy in still remaining low which is another worrying fact found in most of remote and untouched villages. This is particularly true for middle and high school level environment of formal education system. In fact, in middle and high school drop rate is high for both boys and girls. NEADS found that communication stands as a major problem for the mobility of the school going children. In addition to that, poor socio- economic condition, lack of proper help and guidance at family level and gaps in the awareness have been resulting in the increase of problems such as school drop out, low female literacy rate in the areas. The state Assam is grappling with the issue of quality in education. The average literacy rates in the North Eastern Region (NER) of India have not translated into higher employability or productivity as such. In terms of Access, infrastructure, teachers and educational outcomes, Assam flare poorly in comparison to other states. NEADS is taking up certain thematic areas in its operation in line of access and quality education, education for women and girl child etc.
Some of the broader and core issues that have emerged in children education are :
• There is no understanding and practices to impart quality education
• Increase gap of community ownership to schools and vice-versa participation
• Pedagogical gap – No use of teaching and learning materials
• Irregularity of students and teachers attendance in schools
• Monotonous and stereotype teaching methodologies
• Increase in school drop-out especially in upper primary and high school level resulting into high migration to other places in search of work
• No familial capacity to guide on course curriculum due to illiteracy and ignorance on the part of parents
• Early marriage of girl child due to school drop-out
• There are need for more lower primary and upper primary schools as students have to travel far for attending schools
• Perennial flood and stagnant water creates difficulty for students to access school
• Education is no more a community concern and there is hardly any discourse on education
• Ineffective and irregularity in parents-teachers meet
• No perspective plan of individual schools
• Gap in school infrastructure and lack of human capital and other logistical facilities
• Private schools are increasing and performing better